The largest solar power plants today all have a capacity above 1,000 MW, located mainly in India and China.
Bhadla Solar Park (2.245 MW)
According to the list published by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BloombergNEF) in April, the Bhadla Solar Park (Bhadla Solar Park) has the largest capacity with 2,245 megawatts (MW). The system covers a total area of 160 square kilometers in Jodhpur, Rajasthan (India), where the climate is arid and harsh but receives a lot of thermal radiation, which is essential for efficient photovoltaic production.
Bhadla Solar Park started partial construction from 2016 and was officially operated in March 2020. This plant has the cheapest total investment cost in India at USD 1.3 billion and the electricity price plant is also the cheapest, at 0.02 USD/kWh.
Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park (2,200 MW)
The solar power plant with the second largest capacity in the world and the largest capacity in China is currently located in Qinghai province, only to be operational by the end of 2020. The plant is still under construction to form a complex renewable electricity utility with a capacity of 16,000 MW, including 11,000 MW solar and 5,000 MW wind.
Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park is implemented by Huanghe Hydropower Development Company. The project consists of 5 phases, invested more than 2.2 billion USD, started construction from 2019 on an area of 55 km2.
Pavagada Solar Park (2,050 MW)
The Pavagada Solar Park (Pavagada Solar Park) is located in Tumkur district, Karnataka (India), with an area of 53 km2. It is an area of dry land that receives very little precipitation, but enjoys a high number of hours of sunshine and heat radiation. The project started in 2015, was completed and was fully operational in 2019 with a total investment cost of USD 2.1 billion.
Benban solar park (1,650 MW)
The Benban Solar Park solar power plant covers an area of 37 square kilometers, located in the western desert of Egypt, about 650 kilometers south of Cairo. The project was built in mid-2014, as part of the Egyptian government’s Sustainable Renewable Energy Strategy for 2035, and completed in 2019. Inside the system are 41 smaller power plants. The total cost of the project is $823 million.
Tengger Desert Solar Park (1,547 MW)
This power plant has a construction area of 43 square kilometers in Ningxia (China). The joint venture project of China National Grid Supply Corporation and Zhongwei Energy Supply Group is seen as a representative of the renewable energy revolution in the world’s most populous country.
Tengger Desert Solar Park was completed in 2015 and held the position of the largest solar power station in the world by 2018. However, the profile of this power station is not publicly available.
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park (1,313 MW)
The Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum project was built deep in the desert area of Dubai (UAE) with a total investment of up to USD 13.6 billion. The project has been implemented since 2012 on an area of 77 km2, completed in 2019 and is expected to continue construction to reach a maximum capacity of 3,000 MW by 2030.
NP Kunta Ultra Mega (1,200MW)
NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Park covers a total area of 32 square kilometers, located in Anantapur district of India. The project was built and commissioned in 2016 with a capacity of 200MW, then gradually expanded and reached the highest capacity of 1,200MW from the middle of this year.
Three Gorges Dam – the largest hydroelectric dam in the world