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The largest solar power plants today have a capacity of over 1,000 MW, mainly located in India and China.

những nhà máy điện mặt trời có công suất lớn nhất thế giới

According to a list published by Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BloombergNEF) as of April, the Bhadla Solar Park has the largest capacity at 2,245 megawatts (MW). The system is located on a total area of 160 km2 in Jodhpur, Rajasthan (India), where the climate is harsh but receives a lot of heat radiation, an important factor for efficient solar energy production.

The Bhadla Solar Park project was started in 2016 and officially operated in March 2020. It has the lowest investment cost in India at $1.3 billion and the cheapest electricity price at 0.02 USD/kWh.

Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park (2,200 MW)

The world’s second-largest and China’s largest solar power plant is located in Hainan Province, which began operating at the end of 2020. It is still being built to become a renewable energy complex with a capacity of 16,000 MW, including 11,000 MW of solar and 5,000 MW of wind power.

The Huanghe Hydropower Hainan Solar Park is being carried out by the Yellow River Hydropower Development Company. The project consists of 5 phases, with an investment of over $2.2 billion, starting construction in 2019 on an area of 55 km2.

Pavagada Solar Park (2,050 MW)

The Pavagada Solar Park is located in Tumkur district, Karnataka (India), covering an area of 53 km2. This is an arid land receiving very little rainfall but experiencing a high number of sunshine hours and heat radiation. The project started construction in 2015, completed and fully operational since 2019 with a total investment cost of $2.1 billion.

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Benban Solar Park (1,650 MW)

The Benban Solar Park spans across an area of 37 km2 in the western desert region of Egypt, about 650 km south of the capital, Cairo. The project was built from 2014, as part of the government’s sustainable renewable energy strategy for 2035, and completed in 2019. The system includes 41 smaller solar power plants, with a total project cost of $823 million.

Tengger Desert Solar Park (1,547 MW)

This solar power plant covers a construction area of 43 km2 in Ningxia (China). The joint venture was established by China’s national electricity grid provider and Zhongwei energy company, considered a typical representative of the renewable energy revolution in the world’s most populous country.

The Tengger Desert Solar Park was completed in 2015 and once held the title of the world’s largest solar power plant until 2018. However, information about this plant is not widely publicized.

Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park (1,313 MW)